What are Distributed Antenna Systems?

By now you have probably already asked yourself, “What does DAS stand for?”. DAS is the acronym for Distributed Antenna Systems.

By definition: A Distributed Antenna System, or DAS, is a network of spatially separated antenna nodes connected to a common source via a transport medium that provides wireless service within a geographic area or structure. DAS antenna elevations are generally at or below the clutter level and node installations are compact. (wikipedia.org)

A DAS enhances wireless reception by decentralizing wireless signals: in lieu of using one single tower, a DAS features a series of smaller antennae to power a contained area. A DAS, then, ideally provides stronger and more reliable wireless coverage to concentrated areas such as stadiums, campuses, and hospitals.

Today’s over-taxed networks caused by the proliferation of smartphones; the lack of cell phone coverage indoors, and the lagged outdoor networks are all predicaments which DAS provides a solution. DAS networks have both an indoor and outdoor application. Additionally, one single DAS network is capable of providing coverage for just one wireless carrier (i.e. Verizon Wireless) or scalable to a network which covers all the major wireless carrier networks (i.e. Verizon Wireless, AT&T Wireless, T-Mobile, Sprint / Nextel), a public safety network, and a private WiFi network. Today wireless networks are not only needed for laptops and cellphones, but many additional systems are in need of wireless connectivity.  Devices such as lights, temperature gauges for a broiler room, and even door locks which today can securely be controlled remotely through wireless networks. Many of the latest televisions, home appliances and cars are capable of connecting to wireless networks.


An Indoor DAS is most commonly used to provide wireless reception in buildings and structures which may have null or marginal wireless coverage. These systems can now be used to build out 4-G and even 5-G networks. DAS networks may be used to increase the data capacity of highly-populated indoor facilities, such as a sports venue or concert hall. A facility which may have great coverage, but cell phone users have difficulty to make a call, send a text message, and/or browse the internet, would most likely be due to a network capacity constraint.

In many cases we use the existing HVAC ducts or existing cable pipes to run wiring and install completely discreet antennas, this method works to be the least invasive and the most cost-effective. An indoor DAS antenna node can be installed and retrofit to almost any building or structure. As depicted here, a visible DAS antenna node can go completely unnoticed. This model is roughly the size of a residential smoke alarm.

Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS): Active vs. Passive

RF signals degrade as they pass through the structural elements of buildings, contributing to the development of areas known as dead zones. These are areas where there is little or no wireless coverage. This means that developers and building owners must find ways to overcome this challenge and provide strong and reliable signal strength throughout the building and in turn maximize the performance of devices connected to the network. A good start would be determining exactly where the coverage is weak.

A distributed antenna system (DAS) offers a viable solution to fixing coverage deficiencies and capacity issues. A DAS is very scalable as it is based on the mobile network, a technology that is proven to be scalable. Two types of distributed antenna systems are:

Passive DAS:

A passive system is best suited for relatively small areas that were one or two mobile network operators need to be enhanced. It is the more cost effective solution but for this system to provide a reliable and uniform signal strength throughout the building, the RF power must be balanced among all the coverage antennas. The number of in-building antennae and coverage area is dependent on the output of the signal source.

Active DAS:

These systems can be set up in large buildings and campuses by converting and transporting the radio frequencies over optical fiber. They may be deployed to cover large areas. They are best suited when there is a need to support multiple mobile network operators.

In a properly designed active system, no re-engineering or rebelling of the original system is required when the system is expanding, thus meaning that they are flexible when adding 3G, 4G or LTE services. Furthermore, active systems utilizing optical fiber can provide coverage in areas up to 2km from the signal source making them ideal for campus environments.

To sum up, it is important to understand the difference between the two systems. A passive system does not require a powered antenna, it is not easily expanded and is relatively inexpensive. Active DAS requires powered antennas, is readily expandable and generally more expensive.

What are Public Safety Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS)?

In-Building Emergency Response Radio Systems, also known as Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) have been installed to extend critical communications coverage into areas such as high-rise buildings, hospitals, campuses, shopping malls, and airports, where coverage would otherwise be unreliable or nonexistent. Mission critical public safety DAS networks are put in place to safeguard the lives of first responders as well as the lives of citizens that fire, police, and emergency medical personnel have sworn to protect.

Mission critical communications enable:

  • First responders to safely communicate with one another, through emergency response radio systems and other modes of communication, often called distributed antenna systems.
    Interoperability – allows personnel from different agencies to communicate with each other, in real time.
  • Critical Networks – created specifically for public safety situations and providing reliable and secure communications.
  • Since the attacks on 9/11 there has been a significant increase in local and state legislation that sets minimum coverage standards for public safety communications systems. These minimum standards, as well as new public safety building codes implemented by the International Code Council (ICC) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), are driving the current demand for emergency response radio systems. Additionally, these networks are designed to be robust and reliable, in the event of an emergency.

New Regulation Requirements include:

  • Battery backup
  • Monitoring of the antenna network
  • NEMA-4 enclosures for survivability
  • Alarming that communicates to the central fire alarm panel

Why Every New Building Should Have a Public Safety DAS

When an emergency occurs, reaction time and the ability to communicate effectively are vital. However, what happens if those inside a building do not have enough cellular coverage to call 911? Additionally, what if first responders cannot communicate on their two-way radios once they enter a building? Without reliable in-building communications systems, emergency situations can escalate, putting those inside at a much greater risk.

When fire fighters enter a high rise building, point-to-point communications between those on scene and those on the ground can become severed. This is a result of structural materials such as steel and concrete that prevent or limit radio frequencies (RF).

Solutions exist to improve public safety communications and cellular coverage. Distributed antenna systems (DAS), specifically public safety DAS, can support Land Mobile Radio (LMR) as well as the multiple frequency bands used by first responders, such as VHF/UHF and 700/800MHz. Additionally, cellular DAS solutions enhance the multiple LTE frequencies used by Verizon, AT&T, T-Mobile and Sprint.

With fire and building codes for public safety communications becoming increasingly more prevalent, property owners and building managers need to stay up-to-date with the necessary requirements. Most notably, the International Fire Code (IFC) now mandates that there be a minimum of 95% general building coverage for public safety. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) requires 90% general building coverage as well as 99% coverage in all critical areas. In addition to these two major in-building fire codes, below are six other stipulations to be aware of when an in-building public safety DAS is required.

Six Things to Keep in Mind:

1. System Coverage

Critical areas can include control rooms, pump rooms, stairwells, lower exit stairs, exit passageways, elevator lobbies and standpipe cabinet locations. As mentioned, the IFC mandates a minimum of 95% general building coverage, while the NFPA mandates 90% general coverage and 99% critical area coverage.

2. Radio Coverage

Buildings and structures which cannot support the required level of radio coverage shall be equipped with a radiating cable system, a distributed antenna system with Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-certified signal boosters, or other system approved by the fire code official in order to achieve the required adequate radio coverage.

3. New Buildings

All new buildings shall have approved radio coverage for emergency responders based upon existing coverage levels of the public safety communication systems. This does not require improvements to the existing public safety communications systems.

4. Emergency Back-Up

In an emergency situation such as a fire, a building will most likely lose its main source of power, and a secondary power source will be required. The NFPA requires 12 hours of emergency power batter back-up, while the IFC requires 24 hours. If Fiber-DAS is used, an optical-to-RF converter rack maybe required to assure uninterrupted service.

5. System Monitoring

The NFPA Annex O requires an automatic monitoring system with a dedicated panel in the emergency command center of the building. The system must signal an alarm in the event of an antenna malfunction or signal booster failure. A separate alarm for oscillating amplifiers is desirable. Power supply systems must, at a minimum, signal an alarm when AC power is lost, when the battery charger fails and when the battery has a low charge (defined as 70% of capacity).

6. Maintenance

The NFPA Annex O requires that the building owner have a service contract for emergency repair. The response time shall be no less than two hours.

For first responders who put their lives on the line everyday, two-way radios are a lifeline. Similarly, the importance of having reliable in-building cellular coverage continues to grow, especially as first responders adopt LTE handset technology. DAS has proven itself to be a comprehensive solution for providing reliable in-building communication. With the ability to support both LMR/VHF/UHF and LTE frequencies, DAS will be around for years to come.

10 Requirements by NFPA/IFC for every Public Safety DAS

Public Safety Communication system is a wireless communications system that is exclusively used by first responders and emergency services squad, including police, emergency medical and ambulance, fire, and other disaster response agencies. Used to respond to emergency incidents and circumstances and prevent situations that pose threats to people or property, keeping the Public Safety Communication system is crucial.

It’s pivotal to ensure that radio signals are able to pierce into all corners of the buildings and facilities, including those areas that pose added difficulties for the RF to penetrate. These include elevators, stairwells, basements, shielded and protected areas, thick-walled rooms, or any other tricky spaces in the building.

When first responders respond to emergency situations to save lives, they rely on resilient, dependable, and well-optimized network to execute and accomplish their mission. Their communication must be flawless, instant, void of interruption. Not only that, but they have to be able to gather and sort through all the gush of information coming from the community and public. Interoperability and security are critical to an effectual and highly coordinated response to the crisis situations. For this, a well optimized Public Safety network is foundational. One that does not only provide priority communications at times when they’re needed the most, but also provides end-to-end encryption, sheltering important and delicate information as they unfold.

To ensure such, NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) and IFC (International Fire Code) have established the framework for regulations nationwide dealing with required in-building safety communications coverage. Below, we cover some of these codes:

Codes and requirements from NFPA | Coverage Areas

“Critical Areas. Critical areas, such as the fire command center(s), the fire pump room(s), exit stairs, exit passageways, elevator lobbies, standpipe cabinets, sprinkler sectional valve locations, and other areas deemed critical by the authority having jurisdiction, shall be provided with 99 percent floor area radio coverage.” |  Signal Strength

Inbound: “A minimum inbound signal strength of −95 dBm, or other signal strength as required by the authority having jurisdiction, shall be provided throughout the coverage area.”

Outbound: “A minimum outbound signal strength of −95 dBm at the donor site, or other signal strength as required by the authority having jurisdiction, shall be provided from the coverage area.” | General Building Areas

“General building areas shall be provided with 90 percent floor area radio coverage.” | Amplification Components

“Buildings and structures that cannot support the required level of radio coverage shall be equipped with a radiating cable system or a distributed antenna system (DAS) with FCC-certified signal boosters, or both, or with a system that is otherwise approved, in order to achieve the required adequate radio coverage.” | Component Enclosures

All repeater, transmitter, receiver, signal booster components, and battery system components shall be contained in a NEMA 4- or 4X- type enclosure(s).

Codes and requirements from IFC

Section 510.01 | Emergency responder radio coverage in new buildings

All new buildings shall have approved radio coverage for emergency responders  within the building based upon the existing coverage levels of the public safety communication systems of the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building. This section shall not require improvement of the existing public safety communications systems.

Section 510.4.1 | Radio signal strength

The building shall be considered to have acceptable emergency responder radio coverage when signal strength measurements in 95 percent of all areas on each floor of the building meet the signal strength requirements.

Inside buildings: A minimum signal strength of -95 dBm shall be receivable within the building.

Outside the buildings: A minimum signal strength of -95 dBm shall be received by the agency’s radio system when transmitted from within the building.

Section 510.4.2.1 | System Design | Amplification system allowed

Buildings and structures which cannot support the required level of radio coverage shall be equipped with a radiating cable system, a distributed antenna system with Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-certified signal boosters, or other system approved by the fire code official in order to achieve the required adequate radio coverage.

Section 510.4.2.3 | System Design | Secondary power

Emergency responder radio coverage systems shall be provided with an approved secondary source of power. The secondary power supply shall be capable of operating the emergency responder radio coverage system for a period of at least 24 hours. When primary power is lost, the power supply to the emergency responder radio coverage system shall automatically transfer to the secondary power supply.

Section 510.5.3 | Acceptance test procedure

When an emergency responder radio coverage system is required, and upon completion of installation, the building owner shall have the radio system tested to ensure that two-way coverage on each floor of the building is a minimum of 90 percent.

These regulations and codes (among many others) from NFPA and IFC govern this area of public safety communication protocols for a very important reason – and that is to save lives of the vulnerable, including themselves in response.  It is no denying that this reliable communication system in a crucial element to the first responders. It is, therefore, absolutely pivotal to ensure these requirements and measures are followed, and a reliable communication system is installed – ready for the first responders who’re running in the direction of danger, when everyone else is moving the other direction.

What is the Process for Installing an In-Building Public Safety DAS?

Installing a public safety distributed antenna system (DAS) is an investment. Each building has a unique RF environment with new challenges and potential risks associated with it. As these systems continue to be made mandatory, a standardized engineering and construction process should be implemented. Below are steps that can be taken to help streamline that process.

1. Site Survey:

Once the decision has been made to install a DAS, the first step is to have a detailed and thorough site survey conducted. This will involve a complete inspection of the building’s architectural drawings and an evaluation of potential Radio Frequency (RF) obstructions. The integrator will also need to identify cable and wiring pathways, as well as determine the exact locations of the donor antennas, coverage antennas, head-end and remote equipment. Survey components to keep in mind during the project include the following:

  • Obtain Architectural Drawings
  • Identify the local jurisdiction requirements (NFPA & IFC codes)
  • Take Pictures (IDF and MDF closets, antenna locations and installation hazards)
  • Identify RF Zones based on desired coverage and capacity
  • Evaluate potential RF obstructions
  • Begin to identify which equipment should be selected

2. Design:

Once the site survey is complete, a network design plan must be produced. The design should include an architectural blueprint of the system that clearly outlines the locations and details of the following:

  • Internal antenna nodes
  • Rooftop Yagi Antenna
  • All fiber-optic cabling and coaxial cabling
  • Bi-Directional Amplifier
  • Distribution hubs
  • Head-end equipment
  • Distance to the nearest donor site

3. Network Implementation:

A meticulous site survey coupled with a detailed design plan pave the way for smooth network implementation. Distributed antenna systems utilize spectrum that is regulated by the FCC and frequencies that first responders depend on during an emergency. It is critical that integrators understand the challenges and risks associated with network implementation and take the necessary steps to prevent any potential pitfalls.

4. Testing & Optimization:

Any DAS deployment should begin and end with accurate RF testing. Testing and optimization provide the assurance that your network is engineered correctly in order to safeguard your building from legal and financial repercussions. These are the tests and measurements that should be provided:

  • Benchmark Testing
  • Continuous Wave Testing
  • Integration Testing
  • Sweep Testing
  • E911 Testing
  • Key Performance Indicator Testing
  • Acceptance Testing
  • RF Propagation Modeling

Constructing a new building has many challenges, but taking the proper precautions by standardizing the DAS engineering process can help cut down on unforeseen issues. Making sure these requirements are followed throughout the DAS installation process will help to reduce costs and ensure quality of coverage, ultimately ensuring the satisfaction of the client and customer.

DAS Costs

DAS, a system that boosts the cellular signal reception and coverage, has become a must-have in the commercial space. While some may still view it as a layer that simply adds costs and complexity to a real estate project, DAS can be a significant value-add to any property. Then there’s another shade: the Public Safety DAS. There are requirements mandated by FCC for buildings to have emergency responder radio coverage system.  Its systems and signal boosters provide first responders and public safety professionals with stable and reliable radio coverage in buildings and other structures. Any building owner would always want to be assured of the safety of its tenants and occupants. However, in case of any emergency, it is critical for the first responders to be able to communicate clearly in all areas of buildings and facilities in their jurisdiction.

How do I know if DAS is a requirement in my building?

While Public Safety DAS is mostly a mandated requirement in all facilities, the building structure and material can be a factor. Buildings with wood structures with standard windows, for example, DAS may not be a requirement presuming the signal is strong enough to go through these materials. On the other hand, structures made of concrete, steel or even brick with low-e windows that hinder the inside from the signal would most likely call for the mandatory Public Safety DAS.

How does the DAS cost differ based on locations and frequencies?

There are different frequency ranges, such as VHF, UHF, or Public Safety frequencies of 700-800MHz – and this is one of the key variance in DAS pricing. Different cities, regions and jurisdictions have different frequency requirements and fire codes. Cost will be less if you only need 700-800 MHz frequencies and will go upward from there if you also need VHF, UHF, of all of the above. Will your building need Public Safety frequencies only or do you also need cellular frequencies? That will be another key determinant of your cost. Will you work with a single carrier, or will multiple carriers be involved? The more carriers you incorporate in your DAS design, the better it will be for your tenants and occupants who bring multitudes of devices with different carriers. However, it comes with a more steep price in doing so. DAS integrators are well-equipped with such information and guidelines.

How much do they cost and how are the cost estimated?

Typically the DAS costs are modelled on as a $$/Sq.Ft. structure, and ‘how much do they cost’ is a ‘how long is a string’ type of question because DAS costs vary greatly based on a number of different factors. What type of building is it? Is it a residential property, or is it a commercial tower, a warehouse, or a hospital? What features does it have? An underground parking, quirky corners, shielded backrooms, a tricky stairwell, or all of the above? How large is the space? How complicated is the cable pathways? Will it be installed as a part of the construction or is it a project on a completed structure where you may have to cut through ceilings? What is the location?

All of the above contribute directly in scoping out the requirements, create a plan, and develop an estimation. Will it cost you an arm and a leg? Well, it can be an expensive installation depending on many factors, but it will be more precarious when you don’t have it. But for a general idea, public safety DAS can cost from approximately $0.15/sq.ft to $0.30sq./ft. Cellular DAS, on the other hand, can go as high as $0.50/sq.ft to $100/sq.ft. Yeah –  the costs can be that diverse based on so many variances.

Is DAS the most cost-effective system?

DAS, in comparison to the Small Cells for example, are significantly more costly option; however, in most cases, DAS (in tandem with the signal boosters) really is the only option for the building owners and developers to comply with the IFC and NFPA’s regulatory requirements. Or be ready to shell out more when it becomes a more glaring problem – for example, when you have no certification to show a fire marshall.

The Impact Of Small Cells On Wireless Networks

Small cells are access nodes that transmit with less power in comparison to a macro cell. They provide less coverage, ranging from a few meters to several 100s of meters, whereas macrocells generally have a range of several miles. Small cell is a broader term used to describe Femtocells, Picocells, and Microcells. Each one of these cells can be implemented for different purposes but these terms are not fixed for their applications and may overlap.

Common Terminology:

Femtocells: They typically have a range in the order of 10 meters and are designed to handle less capacity in comparison to the other small cell technologies. Applications for these are generally indoors where the capacity requirement is low – homes and small enterprises.

Picocells: These also cover a small area and are mainly used to extend coverage inside buildings and in some cases used outdoors as well. The range for a picocell is about 200 meters or less.

Microcells: They have a range of 2 kilometers or less. They mainly have an application outdoors as a short- range base station and can improve coverage outdoors as well as indoors, especially to improve coverage by supporting macro cell.

Metrocell: A terminology sometimes used interchangeably with small cell to describe the implementation of the small cell technologies in metropolitan areas which would require high capacity.

HetNet: Macrocell and small cell combination with hand-off capability to provide interoperation among them. In some cases, Wi-Fi is also a part of the mix.

Small cells improve existing wireless networks through:

Data Improvements:

Due to the reduced distance from the antenna to the devices, most users will experience very little interference and receive signals that are less attenuated in comparison to signals received from a macro cell antenna. This will help transmit data through higher order modulation techniques providing more throughput. This helps achieve high data rates and in turn reduces the transmission time of data by using the spectrum more efficiently and increasing capacity.

Service Coverage Improvements:

Small cells can be used to enhance coverage in areas that receive weak or no signal from a macro cell. By placing them in these areas, integrator’s will be able to provide coverage to customers that normally could not be served by just a macro cell.


The presence of small cells within a macro cell reduces the workload a macro cell tower would have to deal with. Similar to breaking down a large task into many smaller tasks, this allows relief to the macrocell in a faster and more efficient manner.

Installation Flexibility:

They can be installed almost anywhere and can be fitted both indoors and outdoors. They can also be mounted on lamppost’s, walls, or ceilings, which is extremely useful for areas that receive distorted signals due to various interferences.

Energy Efficiency:

Energy efficiency is also a major concern. Small cell deployments can transmit with less power, whereas macro cells have to consume large amounts of energy to keep up with data consumption. This, along with power saving mechanisms (sleep/idle mode procedures) can help to reduce power consumption significantly.


Commercial-grade Wi-Fi

Let’s get this one straight. If you need to cross the Atlantic pond and get to the other end, you can’t do it in a single-engine aircraft. Those are best suited for recreational and private use. Similarly, if you own an organization but attempt to run it on a residential grade Wi-Fi, you’re bound to experience similar things as you would at home – low on energy, low on productivity and high on distractions.

Commercial-grade Wi-Fi is deployed by organizations and businesses in order to offer mobility and flexibility to its staff, to attract and retain customers and guests, and to differentiate and keep up with the competition. A commercial grade Wi-Fi Network, often referred to as a WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network), is an additional layer to a firm’s wired network which allows select wireless devices to access the local area network using a secure and robust wireless connection. A well designed and well-capacitated WLAN attempts to provide the similar experience as the wired LAN. The same access to network locations and files as a wired LAN, same or better levels of security and similar bandwidth – but with the added advantage and efficiencies of enabling mobility.

In the era of IoT, 5G and AI, the network systems have to be robust, efficient and strong. Commercial grade Wi-Fi require fast, high-capacity and secure connections in order to handle the volume of mobile devices, the applications and systems they run, and the capacity they seek to run at. They need to support the smart business systems of today, the top security needs, the running of real time applications like audio/visuals, and countless data activities.It is for that reason that the residential grade Wi-Fi in a high-performing commercial environment will be nothing short of a ‘buzz-kill’.

Organizations need a commercial grade Wi-Fi that provides state-of-the-art performance, speed and coverage, and enable seamless mobility. High traffic is very natural and typical to organizations and high-performing businesses, and commercial grade Wi-Fi delivers meaningful advantages that make it easier to manage and leverage the high traffic as well as optimize the user experience. It is capable of sustaining high loads and offering a strong user experience, and a busy businesses environment indubiously demands a reliable and robust network without taking away the mobility and flexibility.

Commercial grade Wi-Fi is also surprisingly simple to manage. Nobody wants to log into their DSL router or modem and go through a tedious configuration in order to manage a Wi-Fi network. Old-fashioned networks with hardware controllers are inadequate, too expensive, difficult to maintain, and hard to expand. Cloud-based and simplified, user friendly management is key to providing an effective enterprise solution. Commercial grade networks offer ease of installation, low maintenance, simplicity, and scalability. Commercial grade networks can be managed from a central location and businesses do not need to hire a full house of IT department to handle their systems anymore. The access points (AP) are self-configuring, and they automatically upgrade their own software and firmware, and come with a lifetime warranty.

The key benefits of Commercial grade Wi-Fi are control of costs, enhanced security, and greater capacity (which provides better throughput speeds). The business case for a commercial grade Wi-Fi is similar to that of a DAS with more workers desiring to use their BYOD wireless devices; and in turn, the business gains the efficiencies, augments its productivity, enhances the overall performance and collaboration, and negates the risk of runaway data overcharges on cellular connections. Get commercial grade Wi-Fi today; do not attempt to cross the Atlantic on a single-engine aircraft.

Commercial vs Residential Wireless

Businesses today – especially cafes and hotels, for instance – offer Wi-Fi to invite and retain their customers. Offering Wi-Fi, one that is of better grade than a consumer grade home Wi-Fi, in business premises for their guests is not only a question of competitiveness but also a matter of sustenance in today’s day and age. That’s only the matter of guests. When you have a full house and everyone’s connected to the Wi-Fi, quality and performance are more than likely compromised. “Free Wi-Fi” may be a magnet to begin with, but if the experience proves to be inferior, then it won’t take long to draw negative business reviews. With the lifestyle dependency on connectivity, It’s imperative that the businesses today offer the Wi-Fi connectivity that is not only FREE, but FAST as well.

This is why commercial grade Wi-Fi just doesn’t cut it for businesses. Even solopreneurs need business grade connections due to the type and size of applications that are used everyday. What every business of every size today needs is an commercial grade Wi-Fi that delivers meaningful advantages by optimizing user experience that can accommodate high traffic and load without jeopardizing on quality, and one that is also easy to administer and manage.

There are also some important points to consider when opening up your corporate wireless network to guests or customers since security and bandwidth could be compromised. Once the commercial grade Wi-Fi for your business is implemented, it is also strongly advised to deploy a guest wireless network. By doing so, you can take control of the whole gamut of network – who, what, when and where.  The guest network segregates the guests’ device activities from your business network and also your servers, apps and network drives. This serves as your protection from compromising device & network security, and possible intrusive customers.

Furthermore, you can designate a portion of bandwidth to prioritize guest traffic too. The wireless space is ever evolving that it becomes easier and safer to share it and let other people access it, and at the same time, augmenting the customer or guest satisfaction.  What’s important to note is that providing seamless experience to your guests would need a concrete and sought through deployment plan. And a solid partner.